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Industrialisation and the First Republic
1868 - 1898

 The First Republic and the Industrial Age - History of ValenciaQueen Isabel wasn't able to stop the liberal wave and in 1868 La Gloria Revolution made her flee for France.

After two yearts of political turmoil, the parties came to an agreement that a new constitutional monarch was needed. Valencia was instrumental in making this arrangement. In 1871 Amadeo I was elected as the new King of Spain in Sagunto, close to Valencia, with a strong backing of the Valencian elite. Amadeo, however, failed to find the right balance between liberalism and control, and finally abdicated in 1873. The First Republic took his place, with a provisional borgeois government in charge, who set on looking for a new consitutional monarch.

The liberalist tendencies were radicalising all over Spain and a Canton sub-revolution was taking part - Spanish cities were declaring themselves autnomous as part of the Spanish federation. The provisional republican government used force to keep Spain from breaking up. Valencia too declared itself a Canton of Valencia, although it was never as radical as others. However, in 1873, after the abdication of Amadeo, the government troops bombarded the city all the same, forcing it to abandon the Cantons.

In 1874 the very same general who was so effective against the Cantons, Martinez Campos, turned on the Repiblic itslef.

The Bourbon dynasty was restored in 1875 with Alfonso XII, commencing the period of Restoration. Until the first quarter of XX century it was a period of political stability, liberal monarchy communicaing effectively with parties and social movements.

 The First Republic and the Industrial Age - History of ValenciaIn the second half of XIX century Valencia recovered its economy crippled by the collapse of the silk trade. Steam manufacture rapidly industrialised Valencia. Scores of impoverished artesans took their place at the factory machines. Valencia's population quadrupled over the course of the century and the city walls were taken down in 1865 to facilitate expansion of the city. New residential districts of L'Example (where Canovas presently is) sprung up, creating a property market - an important part of economy.

By the end of the century Valencia was booming. The industry was outputing metals, tiles, chemicals and furniture. New roads, a railway and a modernised port facilitated distribution of goods. A large layer of well-doing bourgeois rotated their investements in trade, banking and orange plantations. A group of big businessmen energetically took the city infrastructures upon themeslves - transport, electricity, sewer system, water supplies - making a big impact on the progress of economy.

More and more of the rural emigrants streamed to Valencia to take their place at the factories, in the process organising themselves to confront the employers. By the end of the XIX century they were either socialist or anarchist, although the conflict with the bourgeois was generally non-violent.

 The First Republic and the Industrial Age - History of Valencia  The First Republic and the Industrial Age - History of Valencia  The First Republic and the Industrial Age - History of Valencia
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